CAMERON CONAWAY
Third of malaria drugs ‘are fake’

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By Faraz Honarvar, University of Toronto

Abstract

Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) disease is a dangerous communicable disease that has the potential to propagate many life-threatening illnesses such as meningitis and pneumonia, mainly amongst children 3 months to 3 years of age. The disease has been a significant threat to infants in Indonesia for many years, but with new vaccination programs being implemented and significant collaboration between organizations such as the Indonesian government, UNICEF, The GAVI and the WHO, promising results have been achieved. This paper focuses on challenges Indonesia – as the fourth largest populated country in the world – has had in attempting to mitigate the effects of Hib and also provides an in depth explanation of the newly implemented plans to provide vaccines for all infants in the country.

By Matt Douglas-Vail, University of Toronto

Abstract

For people living with HIV in sub-Saharan Africa, living or dying depends on access to antiretrovirals (ARVs), which is determined largely by pharmaceutical companies.  In order to understand the epidemic, it is important to examine how the pharmaceutical companiesí distribution of ARVs has contributed to and exacerbated the climate of HIV/AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa. This paper aims to examine the ways in which pharmaceutical companies, through the unequal distribution of ARVs, have participated in the implementation of contemporary neo-colonialism and thereby worsened the HIV epidemic in sub-Saharan Africa. Briefly, neo-colonialism is the practice of using multi-national corporations to ensure vulnerability, dependency and maintain control over nations. The importance of ARVs will be examined in conjunction with the official policies on access to medications and the role of structural adjustment programs in exacerbating the epidemic. 

CAMERON CONAWAY
“Roughly one in ten children will suffer from neurological impairment after cerebral malaria, be it epilepsy, learning disability, changes in behaviour, loss of coordination or impairments to speech. As well as being discomforting physically, these problems can also lead to stigmatisation in the community and can reduce individuals’ capacity for work, imposing an additional economic burden.”